News gathering is and has always been an important part of people’s lives. In the earlier times, it was just restricted to gathering stories for a newspaper so that they could be published and people know about what’s happening locally and, in the world at large in the mornings with tea. Now, with the upgradation of technology and top-level advancements, every news channel is striving to catch news as it happens and shares it with the viewers in the least possible time. One of the technological innovations that have made the latter popular is satellite news gathering. To know more about it, just keep scrolling.
Understanding Satellite News Gathering
In simple words, Satellite News Gathering is a process that allows people to watch live news and events from the comfort of their homes and offices. It allows a journalist to make broadcasting live easier by covering live events that happen around the world via ENG trucks & ENG vehicles and share it with an audience within a time span of some microseconds.
In the earlier times, this time span was considerably longer as there was often a gap of a few days between the day a news story was covered and when it was reported. This gap has been reducing with time and has become so minuscule now that people hardly notice it.
Digital satellite newsgathering or DSNG is a kind of electronic news gathering (also known as ENG) that refers to a bunch of electronic technologies that let a news reporter from any part of the world to share the news with the entire world.
ENG had its origins in the 1970s when people started to transition from using film to using videotapes. Since then, technology has moved at such a rapid pace that people have abandoned the use of not only videotapes but analog land-based transmission signals too. The latter was popular for a while before digital formats, and satellite technology took their place.
What Were Analog Land-Based Transmission Signals?
Before the digital technology took over all lives (you know it has), satellite feeds were transmitted via analog signals that actually were waved signals. This allowed news providing agencies and channels to send news to other people across the borders with ease. Everything from the Falkland Islands that took place in 1982 to the Gulf War in 1990 and 1991 was made available to the general public, even the people who had no direct involvement, with this technology.
The Digital Adaptation
In the 1990s, the world moved from analog signals to digital satellite signals, and this made the former obsolete. The latter is a binary system or signals of on and off that can be sent via microwave transmission as well.
The Video Compression
An expert on satellite news gathering and author of two famous books Jonathan Higgins says that video compression is very like concentrated orange juice. If water is taken out of fresh orange juice, the transport is easy and cheap, and the drinker can decide how much water to add. Similarly, if the information is taken out to make it easier to transmit and then added back to the other end, it makes the process simpler and cheaper. Therein lies the reason for the success of DSNG over analog method while broadcasting live. It’s fast, effective and cheap!